Between countryside and sea
Between countryside and sea
Between countryside and sea
Between countryside and sea
Between countryside and sea
Between countryside and sea
Between countryside and sea
Between countryside and sea
Between countryside and sea
Between countryside and sea
Between countryside and sea
Between countryside and sea
Between countryside and sea
Between countryside and sea

Between countryside and sea

New aptitudes of the urban design, collective services, and new housing equipment are the main themes of this research. It focuses on the size of a small urban aggregate examining closely the shapes of the buildings and the typology of the aggregation. Main factors for the research and planning process are:
- urban dimension.
- "typical" peripheral areas aspects (fracture of the urban texture, lack of collective services, unresolved open spaces, infrastructure elements parallel to the coast, roads, railways, etc.).
- higher quality standard in the public buildings and the integration with the services system.
- composition methods based on the coexistence of different housing types and different density values.

The compatibility of the master plan with the environment is based on mobility functions, housing typologies, the energetic value of open spaces and green areas. It has been structured along three parallel axes directed toward the coast as an improvement of the old urban structure. It delegates the connection with the existing urban system to the housing typologies:
- courtyard houses as a repetitive texture
- isolated houses in the shape of a tower
- inline dwellings as a frame for the definition of the public space and the urban edge.

Master Plan
The master plan has been mainly structured along three parallel axes directed toward the coast. They incorporate the old urban structural system which divides the area into “islands”. They contain different housing typologies which are correctly placed to merge with the existing urban structure. The central axis links the countryside and the sea (as a gradual conquest of the water) in order to bring into the city the old traditions of rural life towards the fishing ones.

Three different housing typologies (in line, tower, detached) are located strategically in green areas accommodating different inhabitants needs, improving the quality of the open spaces, integrating with the existing urban system, developing the mobility network and connecting with open areas and public buildings. The set of residential buildings has been designed as an integral part of a large urban park with a rural character. Publicly and privately maintained, it will improve the daily life of the inhabitants and the welfare of the whole city.

The planning approach is based on the use of levels and criteria of the composition. Emphasizing the qualities of differentiation they operate in accordance with existing buildings, local materials, typical architectural elements, and colors. The result is a unified and organic system that portray the neighborhood, its social and environmental aspects, preserving its historical-morphological identity reinterpreted in a contemporary way.

Courtyard houses
Considering the Mediterranean features of the site and the will to blend tradition and innovation, it has been decided to follow the logic of the local culture and design a low single-family house with garden. The observations made by Le Corbusier during his travel in Orient and historic paintings from local artists guided the process. The principle of the house design is based on the organization of the building in horizontal stripes which correspond to different functions. They arise from the urban plan structure and permeate the house, the garden, and its “shed”.

The garden combines different materials and cultivation areas. The "shed" is a small house designed for a variety of purposes varying from a little office to a shop. It sticks out on the main streets reminding traditional private marketing strategies when farmers used to sell their products outside their homes on a small chair. It has a single clear volume with large windows and wooden structure in order to accommodate diverse functions.

The diversified internal articulation gives the house different overhanging volumes, the main mass, however, has been designed to respond to environmental aspects, along the heliocentric axis: closed north facade, flexible openings on the south-west and south-east facade (Brise Soleil and aluminum panels). The short walls of the perimeter can be used for different purposes such as garbage collections, garden storage, tools storage etc.

Tower houses
In order to increase the density and achieve a gradual and proportioned transition between detached houses and existing ones, tower houses are placed. The basic shape is a square, visible in planimetric and volumetric layout, which gives the building compactness. The division between shared spaces and private ones is made clear: a central core, the heart of an intersection of four distribution paths (with staircase and elevator), separates four apartments per floor which are used by different inhabitants (singles, couples, a family with one child, a family with two children).

The central core acts as a bioclimatic core incorporating a garden with trees, sunlight/ventilation distributing system and wind towers. Technological solutions such as adjustable flaps with photovoltaic panels are placed strategically on the cladding. Furniture is diligently arranged along stripes marking out the organization of each apartment and unifying the whole system on each floor. The facade is characterized by the overhang and recession of volumes which give a clear division between the base (slightly inwards), the elevation (volumetric dynamism) and apex (recessed volumes).

Divided into two types, wind towers are the key elements of the building technological system: one is a cooling tower for the upward expulsion of warm air, the other is a warming tower oriented towards south-east in order to collect summer breezes. Light and shadows are regulated by sliding opaque plastered panels and aluminum Brise Soleil. These technological solutions ensure a high level of thermic and hygrometric comfort during all four seasons.

Inline dwellings
This typology acts as a frame in the definition of the public space and the urban edge. It contains different inhabitants types and diverse spaces/functions. The base part has a marketing function, the central one contains offices and apartments, the upper one contains a dynamic system of houses with gardens which recollect the concept of courtyard houses. A perpendicular stripes system defines distribution areas, furniture, and staircases. Different internal functions bring volumetric dynamism on the facade and sliding obscuration systems allow light management.

The square is designed as a reinterpretation of a traditional model in order to create a pleasant public environment with high architectural quality able to improve the flexibility and opportunities of the entire context. It consists of three areas characterized by different functional and formal identities but closely related creating a spatial unit: a central large paved area (on top of an underground parking), a large ramp to access the exhibition hall, a lower commercial area. Ramps, paths, and different altitudes define areas and main connection with the surrounding. Benches, street lamps, paving texture, flower beds and trees create a "signage system" that indicates rest spots or suggests preferential paths.

Urban park
A central theme of the project was the redefinition of the relation between countryside and the city with their environmental systems, landscape, technology and structural texture. Agriculture has been the inspiration in order to give identity to the place, bring the beauty of local rural landscapes, preserve natural resources and provide numerous benefits to the urban system (micro-climatic changes, air purification, productivity, noise reduction, ground protection, biodiversity conservation). The urban park has been designed to look familiar and integrate rural aspects that give comfort and stimulate active involvement of the people responsible for its management.

Traditional plants, fruits, vegetables, flowers have been distributed with different density in the entire area marking spots for cultivation and/or senses interaction. Color, smell, taste become interactive elements characterizing the entire urban system and bringing in aspects like:
- agricultural/productive (reinstatement of traditional cultivating techniques and biological strategies)
- touristic (setting up of refreshment, relaxing and tasting areas)
- social (involvement and participation of the entire community in communal activities)
- ecological/environmental (protection and conservation of resources, preservation of the urban ecosystem balance)
- didactic/scientific (experimental workshops and environmental education programs).

DETAILS
Location
Mola di Bari [IT]
Program
Urban park, courtyard houses, tower houses, inline dwellings, square
Status
Concept
Team
M_Key
Collaborators
G.Pappadopoli, M.Beccu, A.Benvestito, F.Coppola, C.Cusatelli, F.Poli, R.Riccardi, S.Paris, F.Calace, P.Morano
housing, mixed use, urban design
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